Home   Lichens   Stunning illustration of lichens by Ernst Haeckel (1904)

Stunning illustration of lichens by Ernst Haeckel (1904)

Dr M’s recent lichen post drew a number of appreciative comments, there are plenty of lichen enthusiasts out there it seems, maybe lichenology is not such a threatened species as Dr surmised!

Anyway while Dr M draws up his next magnum lichen post, here’s a stunning image of lichens from Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919). Soon it will be the 180th anniversary of his birth!

Haeckel was the German biologist, naturalist and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, drew up one of the first trees of life and coined many terms in biology including “ecology” and who popularized research links between ecology and evolution.


The lichens in the illustration were identified by Haeckel as follows with the more recent taxonomy indicated, contact Dr M if you have more information…

  1. Cladonia retipora (Floerke) = Cladonia retipora (Labill.) Nyl.
  2. Cladonia perfoliata (Hooker) = Cladonia sp.?
  3. Cladonia verticillata (Achard) = Cladonia cervicornis ssp. verticillata (Hoffm.) Ahti
  4. Cladonia squamosa (Hoffmann) = Cladonia squamosa (Scop.) Hoffm.
  5. Cladonia fimbriata (Fries) = Cladonia fimbriata (L.) Fr.
  6. Cladonia cornucopiae (Fries) = Cladonia sp.?
  7. Sticta pulmonaria (Achard) = Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm.
  8. Parmelia stellaris (Fries) (non (L.) Ach.) = Physcia aipolia (Ehrh. ex Humb.) Fürnr.
  9. Parmelia olivacea (Achard) = Malanohalea olivacea (L.) Essl.
  10. Parmelia caperata (Achard) = Flavoparmelia caperata (L.) Hale
  11. Hagenia crinalis (Schleicher) = Anaptychia crinalis (Schleich.) Vězda

More on Haeckel, this image and the lichens illustrated, here.


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